The Editor’s Spotlight for the May / June 2017 issue of the Journal of Chemical Health and Safety is shining on:
Using bowtie methodology to support laboratory hazard identification, risk management, and incident analysis by Mary Beth Mulcahy, Chris Boylan,
Samuella Sigmann, and Ralph Stuart.
This is based on a technical program workshop which Mary Beth and Chris led at the 2016 San Diego ACS National Meeting and describes how a graphical tool for organized laboratory risk assessment and incident information can support a strong laboratory safety culture.
The abstract is:
Hazard prevention and control systems for specific laboratory processes must be readily shared between lab workers, their colleagues, and lab supervisors. In order for these control systems to be effective in a transferable and sustainable way, effective risk management communication tools must be present. These tools need to be adaptable and sustainable as research processes change in response to evolving scientific needs in discovery based laboratories.
In this manuscript, the application of a risk management tool developed in the oil and gas industry known as a ‘‘bowtie diagram’’ is assessed for application in the laboratory setting. The challenges of identifying laboratory hazards and managing associated risks as well as early experiences in adapting bowtie diagrams to the laboratory setting are described. Background information about the bowtie approach is provided and the technique illustrated using an academic laboratory research scenario. We also outline the role bowtie diagrams could play in a proactive safety culture program by facilitating hazard communication and maintaining hazard awareness across a wide spectrum of stakeholders.
What Have We Learned & Where Are We Going: Post-Settlement in the University of California
Organizers: D. Decker, J. Palmer
Information Flow in Environmental Health & Safety
At the Spring, 2017 ACS national meeting, the Divisions of Chemical Information and Chemical Health and Safety co-sponsored a program on Information Flow in Environmental Health and Safety. The symposia presented a variety of use cases for chemical information tools that range from lab-specific to very general. Links to the PDF versions of the presentations are provided below.
Best Practices in Selecting & Presenting Safety Training Content
Technical presentations from the March, 2017 national American Chemical Safety meeting.
The Editor’s Spotlight for the January / February 2017 issue of the Journal of Chemical Health and Safety is shining on:
Analysis of injury data to improve safety and training by Heather Simmons, Betsy Matos and Stephen Simpson of Iowa State University.
The article describes how they used injury data to evaluate trends in laboratory-related injuries there between 2001 and 2014. As a result, they are moving away from classroom-only training and are incorporating multiple learning methods into our training program. In addition, we are utilizing near misses, narratives, and anecdotes to enhance learning.
Their new approach focuses on moving from a compliance-centered culture to one in which we use data to drive the decision-making process and our communications with researchers.
Other technical articles in this issue include:
Low level noise analysis in laboratory fume hood
Kang Chen, Jinlong Yang, Hongbo Zhang, Wenjun Zhang
Evaluation of the ECETOC TRA model for workplace inhalation exposure to ethylbenzene in Japan
Satoko Ishii, Ritsuko Katagiri, Kimiyoshi Kitamura, Masaaki Shimojima, Takeharu Wada
Investigation of a light fixture fire
James D. Jurney, Michael E. Cournoyer, Stanley Trujillo, Stephen B. Schreiber
Exploding misconceptions: Developing a culture of safety through learner driven activities
Shayna Burchett, Annalise Pfaff, Jack Hayes, Klaus Woelk
At the September CSHEMA regional meeting, three DCHAS members (Gail Hall of Boston College, Zehra Schneider-Graham of the University of Massachusetts Boston, and Ralph Stuart of Keene State College) participated in a panel discussion about how Environmental Health and Safety Departments can best support laboratory safety culture through their safety training efforts. The presentations discussed the challenge of developing training programs that reflected the institutional culture while also addressing regulatory requirements.
Three key lessons from the Lab-XL project with the EPA were highlighted:
- Each academic institution is unique
- Connecting to the academic mission is necessary to motivate organizational change
- Flexibility goes a long way in laboratory settings
In addition to describing approaches to this issue in the undergraduate and graduate laboratory settings, the panel presented the results of a DCHAS/CSHEMA survey of safety education efforts. PDF versions of the presentations and the survey results are provided here:
Developing Safety Culture Education at a PUI Campus, Ralph Stuart
Survey on Lab Safety Culture Education on Campus, Zehra Schneider-Graham
Safety Culture Education Survey Results Data (in PDF) (if you are interested in these data in Excel format for further exploration, contact Ralph Stuart at email@example.com).
Also note this related article from the Journal of Chemical Education on Using the Universal Design for Learning Approach in Science Laboratories To Minimize Student Stress
Symposium on Safety in the Academic Research Laboratory
SCTY 18: Safe science: Promoting a culture of safety in academic research (link to report discussed in this presentation)
SCTY 19: Safety first culture in Australian laboratories
SCTY 20: Comprehensive and effective program for environmental safety education in universities
SCTY 21: Laboratory safety in ChBE at Georgia Tech and the PALS collaboration with ExxonMobil
SCTY 22: International differences in laboratory safety preparation for chemistry graduate students
SCTY 23: Evolution of safety culture in University of California academic research laboratories
John Palmer, Lawrence Wong
SCTY 24: Laboratory Scale Risk Assessment
SCTY 25: Study of students’ engagement in various styles of safety videos
SCTY 46: From accident analysis to accident prevention at UCLA
SCTY 47: A student’s perspective on safety in the academic lab
SCTY 48: Assessment and management of chemical risks in academic laboratories: (1) Important factors for risk assessment in chemical laboratories
SCTY 49: Advancing safety culture in academic research laboratories: A case study (link to the study discussed in this presentation)
2:00pm-2:20pm Tue, Dec 15 Lawrence Gibbs
SCTY 50: Assessment and management of chemical risks in academic laboratories (2) Influence of laboratory layout on airflow in university laboratory
SCTY 51: Assessment and management of chemical risks in academic laboratories (3) Oshima et al – Observing behavior of experimenter and chemical
SCTY 52: Ensuring a safe and successful research laboratory for deaf and hard-of-hearing undergraduate students
SCTY 55: Leveraging academic safety culture as a value-added tool for maximizing the undergraduate research experience and Introducing general chemistry students to academic safety culture through participatory case study development Gregory Ferrence
Current Topics in Chemical Safety Information
Cosponsored by the Committee on Chemical Safety, Division of Chemical Education and Division of Chemical Information
PDF versions of DCHAS technical presentations from the Fall, 2013 ACS National Meeting
- Prevention of Academic Laboratory Explosions R Moure-Eraso
- Why Strong Safety Cultures Use Hazard Analysis R Hill
- Introducing the ACS Publication “Identifying and Evaluating Hazards in Research Laboratories” K Jeskie
- Hazard Assessment of Chemicals & Chemical Groups Using a Control Banding Technique D Decker
- Job hazard analysis (JHA): A hazard assessment tool S Sigmann
- Experimental Safety Reviews and Education for the Research Laboratory – What If Analysis K Kretchmann
- Identifying and Evaluation Hazards in Research Laboratories – Checklist Method E Talley
- Structured Development of SOPs P Ashbrook
- Texas Tech: An Update on Safety Culture Changes D Casadonte
- Evaluating the Effectiveness of Your Hazard Identification and Evaluation Processes K Jeskie
The Division of Chemical Health and Safety presented a well attended technical symposium at NERM 2013, organized by Peter Reinhardt of Yale University Environmental Health and Safety. Papers presented include:
- Safety Culture in the Chemistry Department
Kim Gates, Stony Brook University
- MIT’s Pilot Project to Perform Laboratory Hazard Assessments, Michael R. Labosky, MIT
- Laboratory Ventilation Rate Determination Using Control Banding, Ellen Sweet, Cornell University
- Assessing Laboratory Ventilation Effectiveness, Ralph Stuart, Cornell University
More papers to come!